Aug 26, 1993

Prenatal determination of fetal RhD type by DNA amplification

The New England Journal of Medicine
P R BennettJ-P Cartron


An RhD-negative woman whose partner is heterozygous may have preexisting anti-RhD antibodies that may or may not affect a subsequent fetus, depending on whether it is heterozygous. A safe method of determining fetal RhD type early in pregnancy would eliminate the risks to an RhD-negative fetus of fetal-blood sampling or serial amniocenteses. We determined the RhD type in 15 fetuses using the polymerase chain reaction in amniotic cells and serologic methods in fetal blood collected simultaneously. In another 15 fetuses, the RhD type determined from chorionic-villus samples was compared with that identified by typing of DNA from the fetus itself. RhD typing of DNA from amniotic cells correctly indicated the serologic type in every fetus. Of 10 fetuses with RhD-negative mothers, 4 were identified as RhD-negative and 6 as RhD-positive. Of five fetuses with RhD-positive mothers, four were identified as RhD-positive and one as RhD-negative. There was also complete agreement between the results of RhD typing of DNA from chorionic-villus samples and the results of typing of DNA from fetal tissue. Eleven fetuses were RhD-positive, and 4 were RhD-negative. Four RhD-positive fetuses had RhD-negative mothers. Three RhD-negative fetuses had...Continue Reading

  • References19
  • Citations118


Mentioned in this Paper

Blood Grouping and Crossmatching
Intestinal Villus
Entire Fetus
Collection of Blood Specimen for Laboratory Procedure
Antigen D, Rh Blood Group
Antenatal Screening Procedures
Polymerase Chain Reaction Analysis

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.