Prenatal diagnosis and management of congenital defects of the anterior abdominal wall

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
M SermerM Skidmore

Abstract

Between the years 1980 and 1985, 25 cases of anterior abdominal wall defects were identified within the University of Toronto Perinatal Complex. There were 17 cases of omphalocele and eight cases of gastroschisis. Associated anomalies were found in 71% of infants with omphalocele and 50% with gastroschisis. They were the major cause of neonatal death. Prematurity was the second most common cause of death. The neonatal death rate was 59% in omphalocele and 38% in gastroschisis; the prematurity rates were 53% and 50%, respectively. In omphalocele, there was a 47% cesarean section rate, with a 50% neonatal death rate. Vaginal delivery was associated with a 67% death rate. In gastroschisis, there was a 50% cesarean section rate, with a 50% neonatal death rate. Vaginal delivery was associated with a 25% death rate. There is no evidence that cesarean section offers improved neonatal survival.

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