Prenatal diagnosis of beta-thalassemia major by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis of hemoglobins in fetal blood samples

T SanguansermsriG Flatz


In Thailand and adjacent countries, most of the beta-thalassemia genes are beta(0)-thalassemia mutations that prevent the production of Hb A. We propose the quantitation of the Hb A fraction in fetal blood in the mid-trimester of pregnancy by automated high performance liquid chromatography as a reasonable prenatal diagnostic method to be applied in areas with limited laboratory facilities. Forty pregnant women at risk of delivering a child with beta-thalassemia major were identified using an erythrocyte osmotic fragility test and quantitation of Hb A2. Cordocentesis was performed at the gestational age of 18-22 weeks and fetal blood was analyzed for hemoglobin fractions by automated high performance liquid chromatography. The beta-globin gene mutations were characterized by beta-globin gene sequencing. The 4 bp deletion at codons 41/42 (-TTCT) was the most frequent of the 40 beta-thalassemia mutations observed (20/40 = 50%), followed by the splice site mutation IVS-I-1 (G-->T) (7/40 = 17.5%), the nonsense mutation at codon 17 (A-->T) (7/40 = 17.5%), the nonsense mutation at codon 35 (C-->A) (3/40 = 7.5%), and the beta(+)-thalassemia promoter mutation at -28 (A-->G) (3/40 = 7.5%). High performance liquid chromatography revealed...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure
Sense Codon
DNA Mutational Analysis
Umbilical Cord Blood
Gestational Age
Abnormal Hemoglobins
Antenatal Screening Procedures
Early Promoters, Genetic

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