Prenatal diagnosis of prevalence of the right heart: associated anomalies and outcome predictors
Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine : Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Ruan PengJu Zheng
To analyze the characteristics, associations, and outcomes of prevalence of the right heart and to evaluate the use of sonography to predict the risk of a poor prognosis in fetuses with this condition. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 182 fetuses with prevalence of the right heart. At the initial evaluation, the left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV) sizes, left atrium and right atrium sizes, great artery diameters, appearance of the aortic arch and ductus arteriosus arch, and flow direction across the foramen ovale and aortic arch were documented. Malformations were documented in fetuses with intracardiac anomalies, who were divided into groups with and without coexisting extracardiac defects. The RV-LV diameter ratio and main pulmonary artery-to-aortic root diameter ratio were calculated and compared. The following variables were analyzed: coexisting intracardiac anomalies, associated extracardiac anomalies, diagnosis before 24 gestational weeks, fetal growth restriction, reversed flow across the foramen ovale, reversed flow in the aortic arch, and RV-LV ratio greater than 2.0. Relationships between these sonographic findings and the prognosis were evaluated by multivariable logistic regression. Of the 182 f...Continue Reading
Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.