Mar 1, 1990

Preoperative parental anxiety predicts behavioural and emotional responses to induction of anaesthesia in children

Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia = Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
J C BevanR Carranza


Parental presence at induction of anaesthesia is desirable if it makes the child happier and more cooperative. This study evaluated the emotional and behavioural responses of children to being accompanied by a parent at induction of anaesthesia in a paediatric day-care surgical centre. One hundred and thirty-four patients (aged 2-10 yr, ASA physical status I or II) were divided into two groups by day of surgery, to have a parent present at induction of anaesthesia (treatment group), or to be unaccompanied (control group). Before, and at one week after surgery, the child's fears and behaviour were scored by the Hospital Fears Inventory (HFI) and Behavioural Questionnaire (BQ), and parental anxiety by the Parents' Questionnaire (PQ) before and at one week after surgery. The Global Mood Scale (GMS) was used to assess the child's behaviour and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) to assess the parent's anxiety on arrival for surgery and at induction of anaesthesia. All patients and parents were disturbed by the experience, but to the same degree in the treatment and control groups. Subgroups of "calm" and "anxious" parents were identified by a median split of their preoperative VAS scores. Children in the "calm-treatment," "calm-control...Continue Reading

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  • Citations92


Mentioned in this Paper

Visual Analog Pain Scale
Parent-Child Relationship
Pediatric Discipline
Fear (Mental Process)
Anesthesia Procedures
Absence of Sensation
Regression Analysis
Preoperative Procedure

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