DOI: 10.1101/515452Jan 8, 2019Paper

Preoptic galanin neuron activation is specific to courtship reproductive tactic in fish with two male morphs

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Joel A TrippA H Bass


Species exhibiting alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs) provide ideal models for investigating neural mechanisms underlying robust and consistent differences in social behavioral phenotypes between individuals within a single sex. Using phospho-S6 protein (pS6), a neural activity marker, we investigate the activation of galanin-expressing neurons in the preoptic area-anterior hypothalamus (POA-AH) during ARTs in midshipman fish (Porichthys notatus) that have two adult male morphs: type I's that reproduce using an acoustic-dependent courtship tactic or a cuckolding tactic, and type II's that only cuckold. The proportion of pS6-labelled galanin neurons increases during mating by courting type I males, but not cuckolders of either male morph or females, and is not explained by vocalization, eggs in the nest, or cuckolders present during mating. These differences within the same behavioral context indicate a male phenotype-specific role for galanin neurons in mating interactions, providing the most direct evidence to date for the role of a specific neuronal population in the differential activation of one mating behavior over the other in species exhibiting ARTs. More broadly, together with their known role in mammalian mating, ...Continue Reading

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