May 1, 1976

Preparation and some properties of immobilized trypsin from the crayfish Cambarus affinis Say (author's transl)

Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie
R KleineC Flemming

Abstract

The anionic tryptic enzyme from the crayfish (crayfish trypsin) was adsorbed to DEAE-Sephadex A-50 and covalently coupled to BrCN-activated Sepharose 4B and porous glass loaded with isothiocyanate propyl groups (ITC-glass). The relative activities against p-tosylarginine methyl ester (TosArgOMe) were found to be 30 to 100% for DEAE-Sephadex crayfish trypsin, 20 to 53% for Sepharose crayfish trypsin, and 17 to 38% for ITC-glass crayfish trypsin. The relative activities rise with declining protein content of the enzyme matrix complexes. The highest relative proteinase activities (substrate: 1% casein) were obtained with Sepharose crayfish trypsin (74%), followed by DEAE-Sephadex crayfish trypsin (68%) and ITC-glass crayfish trypsin (45%). Similar results are obtained with protamine and native lactate dehydrogenase as substrates. In accordance with the Sepharose bovine trypsin complex the apparent Michaelis constant (Km(app)) of the Sepharose crayfish trypsin with TosArgOMe was found to be markedly higher than that of the native enzyme. The pH-activity profiles of the crayfish trypsin derivatives using TosArgOMe as substrate were shown to be displaced towards more alkaline pH values by 0.5 (ITC-glass crayfish trypsin) and 1 (Sepha...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Casein allergenic extract
Derivatives
Protamine Sulfate (USP)
Caseins
Affinis
Complex (molecular entity)
Isothiocyanates
Bos taurus
Endopeptidases
Proteolytic Enzyme

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.