May 1, 1976

Preparation and some properties of immobilized trypsin from the crayfish Cambarus affinis Say (author's transl)

Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie
R KleineC Flemming


The anionic tryptic enzyme from the crayfish (crayfish trypsin) was adsorbed to DEAE-Sephadex A-50 and covalently coupled to BrCN-activated Sepharose 4B and porous glass loaded with isothiocyanate propyl groups (ITC-glass). The relative activities against p-tosylarginine methyl ester (TosArgOMe) were found to be 30 to 100% for DEAE-Sephadex crayfish trypsin, 20 to 53% for Sepharose crayfish trypsin, and 17 to 38% for ITC-glass crayfish trypsin. The relative activities rise with declining protein content of the enzyme matrix complexes. The highest relative proteinase activities (substrate: 1% casein) were obtained with Sepharose crayfish trypsin (74%), followed by DEAE-Sephadex crayfish trypsin (68%) and ITC-glass crayfish trypsin (45%). Similar results are obtained with protamine and native lactate dehydrogenase as substrates. In accordance with the Sepharose bovine trypsin complex the apparent Michaelis constant (Km(app)) of the Sepharose crayfish trypsin with TosArgOMe was found to be markedly higher than that of the native enzyme. The pH-activity profiles of the crayfish trypsin derivatives using TosArgOMe as substrate were shown to be displaced towards more alkaline pH values by 0.5 (ITC-glass crayfish trypsin) and 1 (Sepha...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Casein allergenic extract
Protamine Sulfate (USP)
Complex (molecular entity)
Bos taurus
Proteolytic Enzyme

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