Preparation of the colon for double-contrast barium enema: comparison of Picolax, Picolax with cleansing enema and Citramag (2 sachets)--a randomized prospective trial

Clinical Radiology
S ChakravertyJ Rawlinson


A randomized prospective trial was undertaken on 196 consecutive patients referred for double-contrast barium enema examination to assess the relative efficacy of three colon cleansing regimes: Citramag (2 sachets), Picolax and Picolax with a preliminary cleansing enema. Each of the regimes was preceded by a 5 day low residue diet. The radiographs from the examinations were assessed on a double-blind basis. The quality of bowel preparation was significantly poorer (P < 0.001) in the group receiving the preliminary cleansing enema, notably with respect to mucosal coating, compared with the other two groups. The quality of the preparation was slightly better in the group receiving Picolax alone than in the Citramag group (P < 0.01), the difference being most apparent in the proximal colon. The laxatives were equally well tolerated. The study has formed the basis of a departmental audit. As a result, the bowel preparation has been standardized to a 5 day period of dietary restriction followed by 2 Picolax sachets. This measure has improved efficiency within the department with no sacrifice in quality.


Jan 1, 1977·AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology·W J DoddsG E Metter
Mar 1, 1991·Radiology·D W GelfandD J Ott
Nov 1, 1968·Radiology·M R Barnes
Jan 1, 1981·Clinical Radiology·R G KendrickD E Beckly
Jan 1, 1983·Clinical Radiology·K HughesW B James


Sep 1, 1996·Gastroenterology Nursing : the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates·M Schmelzer, K B Wright

Related Concepts

Micropaque Oral
Bowel Preparation Solutions
Taenia Coli
Double-Blind Method
Administration of Enema
Organometallic Compounds
Diagnostic Radiologic Examination

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Generating Insulin-Secreting Cells

Reprogramming cells or using induced pluripotent stem cells to generate insulin-secreting cells has significant therapeutic implications for diabetics. Here is the latest research on generation of insulin-secreting cells.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome editing is the directed modification of epigenetic marks on chromatin at specified loci. This tool has many applications in research as well as in the clinic. Find the latest research on epigenome editing here.

Related Papers

Postgraduate Medical Journal
C B Williams
European Journal of Surgical Oncology : the Journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology
P J DrewG S Duthie
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved