PMID: 698804Oct 6, 1978Paper

Presence of a pineal nerve (nervus pinealis) in the human fetus: a light and electron microscopical study of the innervation of the pineal gland

Brain Research
M Møller


The presence of a hitherto undiscovered nerve located in the subarachnoidal space just caudal to the pineal organ, connecting this organ and the posterior commissure, was demonstrated by light and electron microscopy in a series of 18 human fetuses. This nerve is believed to be ontogenetically equivalent to the pineal nerve observed in the anuran amphibians. The nerve was present in fetuses with a CRL of 56 mm and had not disappeared in fetuses with a CRL of 169 mm. The gestational age at which this human fetal nerve degenerates could not be determined in this study. In addition to the bilateral conarian nerve a habenulopineal tract and an intrapineal ganglion were observed. The presence of the classical Pastori and Marburg ganglia was confirmed, and a new ganglion lying rostral to the pineal organ was seen too.


Jul 1, 1975·The Journal of Cell Biology·B L Zimmerman, M O Tso
May 20, 1975·Cell and Tissue Research·M MollerJ E Kimble
Mar 30, 1973·Brain Research·K Mollgaard, M Moller
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Dec 7, 1973·Brain Research·L EdvinssonC Owman
Oct 1, 1961·Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology·G C KENNY


Jan 1, 1991·Journal of Neural Transmission. General Section·D A Oren
Oct 15, 1989·Experientia·D Sugden
Jul 8, 1998·Neuroscience Letters·D L Sparks
Jan 1, 1990·Journal of Pineal Research·S F PangB L Xie
Oct 19, 2012·Neurochemical Research·Martin F RathM Møller
Jul 17, 2007·Journal of Neurochemistry·Estela MuñozDavid C Klein
Dec 7, 2011·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Kristin N HarperGeorge J Armelagos
Sep 21, 2010·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Sharon N DeWitte
May 1, 1992·Microscopy Research and Technique·M Møller
Sep 24, 2017·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·K Saige KelmelisJim Wood
Apr 18, 2020·Frontiers in Neuroscience·Susannah C LumsdenYusuf Ozgur Cakmak
Nov 14, 2017·Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association·Rory ApplegateBethany Sabatino

Related Concepts

Gestational Age
Midbrain Structure
Cerebellar Mossy Fibers
Neural Pathways
Pineal Gland
Thalamic Structure

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