Pressure support ventilation versus continuous positive airway pressure ventilation with the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway: a randomized crossover study of anesthetized pediatric patients.

Anesthesia and Analgesia
A von GoedeckeC Keller


Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and pressure support ventilation (PSV) improve gas exchange in adults, but there are little published data regarding children. We compared the efficacy of PSV with CPAP in anesthetized children managed with the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway. Patients were randomized into two equal-sized crossover groups and data were collected before surgery. In Group 1, patients underwent CPAP, PSV, and CPAP in sequence. In Group 2, patients underwent PSV, CPAP, and PSV in sequence. PSV comprised positive end-expiratory pressure set at 3 cm H(2)O and inspiratory pressure support set at 10 cm H(2)O above positive end-expiratory pressure. CPAP was set at 3 cm H(2)O. Each ventilatory mode was maintained for 5 min. The following data were recorded at each ventilatory mode: ETco(2), Spo(2), expired tidal volume, peak airway pressure, work of breathing patient (WOB), delta esophageal pressure, pressure time product, respiratory drive, inspiratory time fraction, respiratory rate, noninvasive mean arterial blood pressure, and heart rate. In Group 1, measurements for CPAP were similar before and after PSV. In Group 2, measurements for PSV were similar before and after CPAP. When compared with CPAP, PSV had low...Continue Reading

Associated Clinical Trials


Apr 1, 1985·Journal of Applied Physiology·P W CollettL A Engel
Jan 1, 1973·Journal of Applied Physiology·P R WestbrookR E Hyatt
Jul 1, 1993·British Journal of Anaesthesia·S L Moylan, M A Luce
Mar 1, 1996·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·P H JarreauH Lorino
Jun 9, 2000·British Journal of Anaesthesia·A I BrainP J Strube
Sep 27, 2000·Anesthesia and Analgesia·C KellerA Loeckinger
Mar 8, 2002·British Journal of Anaesthesia·J BrimacombJ Myles

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Nov 12, 2013·Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie Et De Rèanimation·D KernO Fourcade
Nov 29, 2007·Anesthesia and Analgesia·Javier Garcia-FernandezJavier F Belda
Apr 25, 2012·Indian Journal of Anaesthesia·Aparna SinhaJayashree Sood
Nov 3, 2010·Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology·Walid Habre
Jul 9, 2010·Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology·Lennart Magnusson
Nov 29, 2005·Anesthesiology Clinics of North America·Stephen Stayer, Olutoyin Olutoye
Oct 8, 2009·Paediatric Anaesthesia·Niall C T Wilton
Sep 12, 2007·Anaesthesia·M Thomas, T M Cook
Jul 24, 2008·Paediatric Anaesthesia·Fiona KellyMichelle White
Nov 29, 2005·Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie Et De Rèanimation·I Odin, N Nathan
Jan 21, 2015·Der Anaesthesist·A TimmermannF Pühringer
Jan 28, 2015·Anesthesia and Analgesia·Jeffrey M Feldman
Sep 26, 2007·Anesthesiology·Jeffrey M Feldman
Sep 14, 2011·Journal of Clinical Anesthesia·José M BeleñaJavier Yuste
Jun 1, 2006·Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology·Kai Goldmann

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.