Nov 1, 1992

Presynaptic inhibitory effect of TNF-alpha on the release of noradrenaline in isolated median eminence

Journal of Neuroimmunology
I J ElenkovE S Vizi


The effect of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on the stimulation-evoked release of noradrenaline (NA) from isolated rat median eminence (ME) was investigated, using a low-volume perfusion system. Median eminence, loaded with [3H]noradrenaline, was superfused with Krebs solution and stimulated electrically (2 Hz, 120 shocks). The effect of TNF-alpha was studied on the S2/S1 ratio. It was found that stimulation-evoked release of NA from noradrenergic axon terminals in the isolated rat ME was inhibited by TNF-alpha and this effect was concentration-dependent. In contrast, TNF-alpha had no effect on the release of [3H]NA from the spleen. Since NA released in the ME might be involved in the modulation of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) production, it is suggested that TNF-alpha, through presynaptic modulation of NA release from noradrenergic nerve terminals in the ME, might regulate CRF and other neurohormone release in this hypothalamic structure.

Mentioned in this Paper

Presynaptic Terminals
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Nerve Endings
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer

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