PMID: 12065743Jun 18, 2002

Presynaptic muscarinic M(2)-receptor-mediated inhibition of N-type Ca(2+) channels in cultured sphenopalatine ganglion: direct evidence for acetylcholine inhibition of cerebral nitrergic neurogenic vasodilation

The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
J LiuT J-F Lee

Abstract

Results of previous pharmacological studies suggested that presynaptic muscarinic M(2) receptors on cerebral perivascular nitric oxidergic (nitrergic) nerves mediated inhibition of nitric oxide release from these nerves. The inhibition was thought to be primarily attributable to a decreased Ca(2+) influx through N-type Ca(2+) channels on nitrergic nerves, but direct evidence supporting this hypothesis was not presented. In the present study, we used cultured rat sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG), a major source of nitrergic nerves to cerebral blood vessels, to investigate the role of muscarinic M(2) receptors in modulating voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels. SPG neuronal soma and dendrites were immunoreactive for both N-type Ca(2+) channels and muscarinic M(2) receptors, indicating that muscarinic M(2) receptors were colocalized with N-type Ca(2+) channels. Using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique, we found that voltage-dependent Ca(2+) currents in cultured SPG were largely blocked by omega-conotoxin, an N-type calcium channel antagonist, but were not affected by nifedipine, an L-type calcium antagonist. The Ca(2+) current was inhibited by acetylcholine (ACh) and arecaidine but-2-ynyl ester tosylate (ABET), a preferential muscar...Continue Reading

References

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Related Concepts

Guanosine
Nervousness
Nifedipine
Receptors, Presynaptic
Organ Culture Techniques
Pertussis
Structure of Sphenopalatine Ganglion
Agglutinogen 2, Bordetella Pertussis
Blood Vessel
Neurons

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