Pretransplant herpesvirus serology and acute graft-versus-host disease

Transplantation
L BostromB Nilsson

Abstract

Logistic regression was used to analyze the influence of pretransplant herpesvirus antibodies, in both patients and donors, on the development of acute graft-versus-host disease in 111 consecutive HLA-identical bone marrow recipients. In bivariate analysis, recipient seropositivity for cytomegalovirus (P = 0.01), donor seropositivity for herpes simplex virus (P = 0.02), and low bone marrow cell dosage (P less than 0.05) were associated with a high incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD. In multivariate analysis the P values were P less than 0.05 for a positive recipient CMV serology and P = 0.07 for a positive donor HSV serology. Positive serology for 1-2 herpes-viruses among recipients or donors both resulted in a 12% incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD. Positive serology for 3-4 herpesviruses among patients or donors resulted in an incidence of 32% and 38% of acute GVHD, respectively (P less than 0.05). It is concluded that recipient and donor pretransplant herpesvirus immunity can be used to calculate the risk of moderate-to-severe acute GVHD.

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Related Concepts

Acute Disease
Teens
Antibodies, Viral
Graft-vs-Host Disease
Thymic Group Viruses
Herpesviridae Infections
Preoperative Procedure
Serologic Tests
Bone Marrow Cell Transplantation

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