Prevalence and associated factors of pterygium among adults living in Kolla diba town, Northwest Ethiopia

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
Tibebu Kassie AlemayehuM. M. Tegegne

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of pterygium among adults in Kolla Diba town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019. Method: A community-based cross-sectional study was done in Kolla Diba town from May 30-June 16, 2019. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select 627 study participants. Data was collected through basic ophthalmic examination with a portable slit lamp, 3x magnifying loop and torchlight and a pretested structured questionnaire were administered to collect the data. Then the data entered into EPI INFO version 7 and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression analysis were employed. P-values of <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Result: A total of 605 study participants were involved with a response rate of 96.5%. Among them 317 (52.4%) participants were males. The mean age of the respondents was 38.18 +/- 15.56 with a range of (18-95) in years. The overall Prevalence of pterygium among adults living in Kolla Diba town was 112 (18.5% (95% CI (15.6- 21.7)). Being widowed (AOR = 7.32 (95%CI: 2.88, 18.57)), outdoor occupation (AOR = 2.50 (95%CI: 1.46, 4.29)), sun exposure (AOR = 2.38 (95%CI: 1.28, 4.43)), wind e...Continue Reading

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