Nov 26, 2008

Prevalence and interrelationships between cardio-metabolic risk factors in abdominally obese individuals

Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders
Tahna L PettmanPeter R C Howe

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and identify relationships between clustering and severity of cardio-metabolic risk factors in abdominally obese adults. Cardio-metabolic risk factors were assessed in a sample of 300 abdominally obese volunteers (233 females, 67 males, mean age 43.7 years) who were not being treated for diabetes, hypertension or dyslipidemia. Waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, fasting lipids, and glucose were measured and prevalence of metabolic syndrome was determined according to International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Correlation analysis and Poisson regression were used to examine associations between the presence of a particular risk factor and the propensity for clustering and derangement of other risk factors, using continuous data for risk factors and categorical data for number of metabolic syndrome components. In all, 53% had metabolic syndrome and only 16% were free of cardio-metabolic abnormalities. In order of importance, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), and triglycerides (TGs) were most strongly associated with greater clustering of risk factors, with a one standard deviation difference being assoc...Continue Reading

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  • Citations5

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Diastolic Blood Pressure Measurement
Pathogenic Organism
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Obesity, Visceral
Logistic Regression
Odds Ratio
Dyslipidemias
Metabolic Syndrome X
Obesity

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