PMID: 8323987Jan 1, 1993Paper

Prevalence of alcohol and drug abuse in schizophrenic inpatients

European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
M SoykaP Sand

Abstract

All schizophrenic patients admitted consecutively either to the Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Munich (group 1, N = 183) or the Mental State Hospital Haar/Munich (group 2, N = 447) between 1.8.1989 and 1.2.1990 were examined to assess prevalence estimates for substance abuse in schizophrenic inpatients. Psychiatric diagnosis were made according to ICD-9 criteria. Psychopathology and psychosocial variables were documented by means of the AMDP-protocol on admission and discharge. The diagnostic procedure included a detailed semi-structured interview concerning the individual alcohol and drug history and sociodemographic data, the Munich Alcoholism Screening Test (MALT), a physical examination and the screening of various laboratory parameters such as GGT and MCV, among others. The results show that substance abuse is a very common problem in schizophrenics. Lifetime prevalence rates for substance abuse were estimated at 21.8% in group 1 and 42.9% in group 2, 3-month prevalence rates for substance abuse were estimated at 21.3% resp. 29.0%. Alcohol abuse was by far the most common type of abuse with prevalence estimates being 17.4% resp. 34.6%. Prevalence rates for substance abuse were much higher in the more "chronic"sa...Continue Reading

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