Prevalence of Brucella abortus antibodies in serum of Holstein cattle in Cameroon.

Tropical Animal Health and Production
P H BayemiH Njakoi

Abstract

Holstein cattle of a small scale dairy production systems were screened for Brucella abortus antibodies in 21 villages in Cameroon by ELISA. Results show a general seroprevalence of 8.4% in Holstein cattle. Of the 192 cows tested, 14 were infected giving a within-sex seroprevalence of 7.3% while 6/74 bulls were infected with a seroprevalence of 8%. There was no evidence (P=0.11) of differences in seroprevalence between age groups although animals above one year and below three years accounted for nearly half of the infected animals. 64% of infected animals were found in three locations (P=0.015): Kutaba (32%), Bamendankwe (16%) and Finge (16%). A specific control programme should be organized at these locations. Measures should be taken to ensure the eradication of the disease within the population and sound control measures adopted to avoid a further spread of the disease to larger cattle populations. Infected animals should be slaughtered systematically. All farmers should be advised to boil milk before consumption. Vaccination against Brucella abortus should be instituted and use of artificial insemination propagated. In order to ensure a productive and healthy population of Holstein cows within the dairy production scheme, ...Continue Reading

Citations

Sep 3, 2008·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Samiran BandyopadhyayMohan Bhattacharya
Jun 23, 2009·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Nuraddis IbrahimMerga Bekana
Sep 17, 2015·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Bashahun Gebremichael DirarBenti Deresa Gelalcha
Jun 2, 2016·The Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research·Victor O AkinseyeSimeon I Cadmus
Aug 1, 2009·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Bhavesh TrangadiaVilluppanoor Alwar Srinivasan
Feb 19, 2011·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Gebreyohans TesfayeFisseha Abinet
Nov 21, 2013·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Miguel MelladoJose E Garcia
Sep 29, 2020·PloS One·Christopher G LaineAngela M Arenas-Gamboa
Apr 24, 2018·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Akwoba Joseph OguguaSimeon I B Cadmus
Feb 18, 2011·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Gift MatopeEystein Skjerve
Nov 17, 2011·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Wilson J BertuHenk L Smits

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