Prevalence of congenital anomalies at birth among offspring of women at risk for a genetic disorder and with a normal second-trimester ultrasound
E LemyreL Dallaire
The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and the nature of congenital anomalies found at birth in offspring of women who had a normal second-trimester ultrasound and/or amniocentesis. Two groups of women were studied in our prenatal diagnosis clinic between 1991-1997. Group 1 consisted of pregnant women who had an amniocentesis for advanced maternal age (AMA), or for familial chromosomal or monogenic disorders. Group 2 consisted of pregnant women attending the prenatal diagnosis clinic and who had no indication for amniocentesis. Those with an abnormal ultrasound and/or amniocentesis were excluded. At the time of delivery, a questionnaire was sent pertaining to perinatal complications and the anomalies detected during the neonatal period. From a total of 15, 370 questionnaires sent from 1991-1997, 10,823 (group 1, n = 8,877; group 2, n = 1,946) were returned (overall response rate, 70.4%). Mean maternal age was 36 years in group 1 and 29 years in group 2. The prevalence of perinatal complications was similar in the two groups. In each group, the prevalence of all unforeseen anomalies was 2.9%. In group 1, the distribution of those anomalies was: major anomalies, 67.7%; minor anomalies, 23.9%; and multiple congenit...Continue Reading
Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.