Prevalence of hepatitis B infection among hospital personnel in Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)

European Journal of Epidemiology
H KefenieP Pasquini


Hepatitis B serological markers (HBsAG, anti-HBc and anti-HBs) were determined in 432 (60%) hospital employees by the Hepanostika microenzyme linked immunoassay method. The overall prevalence rate was 9.02% for HBsAg, 46.25% for anti-HBs, 73.6% for anti-HBc and 76.38% for "at least one marker positive". Marker positivity as well as HBsAg carrier rate is higher for males than for females. (82.0 Vs 69.9%; 11.4 Vs 6.75% respectively). The majority of the infections occur early in life, 75% being positive for "at least one marker" by age twenty. The distribution of markers is somewhat different from previous observations with non-hospital personnel. Departments most exposed to blood and certain job categories seem to be an increased risk of acquiring the infection. We conclude that hospital exposure is associated with an additional risk of hepatitis B infection.


Sep 1, 1977·British Journal of Anaesthesia·J CarstensM C Kew
Jan 1, 1975·American Journal of Epidemiology·C P PattisonH M Webster
Jan 1, 1988·Journal of Medical Virology·H KefeneF Bassani
Feb 1, 1986·American Journal of Epidemiology·E TsegaE Nordenfelt
Jan 22, 1973·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·J L RosenbergJ B Kirsner
Jan 1, 1983·Radiation and Environmental Biophysics·A M KuzinT E Ushakova
Jan 1, 1982·American Journal of Epidemiology·J L Dienstag, D M Ryan
Jan 1, 1982·Journal of Medical Virology·M ChiaramonteR Naccarato
Mar 31, 1951·Journal of the American Medical Association·M L TRUMBULL, D J GREINER

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Sep 27, 2007·International Journal of Health Geographics·Helmut KloosDamen Haile Mariam
Aug 11, 2007·Veterinary Parasitology·Edoardo Pozio
Sep 22, 1990·BMJ : British Medical Journal·B Amesbury
Dec 4, 2014·Maternal and Child Health Journal·Katharine McCarthyHannah Taboada
Mar 16, 2002·Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health·S B Murray, S A Skull
Mar 1, 1991·Postgraduate Medical Journal·A D Burden, P J Whorwell
Jul 21, 1990·BMJ : British Medical Journal·I M FraylingG Meakin
Jul 21, 1990·BMJ : British Medical Journal·J R Williams, A D Flowerdew
Dec 21, 2016·BMC Infectious Diseases·Yeshambel BelyhunUwe Gerd Liebert

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Epigenetics Insights from Twin Studies

Find the latest research on epigenetics and twin studies here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.