Prevalence of intimate partner violence and its association with symptoms of depression; a cross-sectional study based on a female population sample in Sweden

BMC Public Health
Solveig LövestadGunilla Krantz

Abstract

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the most common type of violence targeting women. IPV includes acts of physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors and these forms of violence often coexist in the same relationship. Living with IPV is associated with serious mental health outcomes such as depression and depressive symptoms. Few population based studies from Sweden have investigated the relationship between different forms of IPV and women's depressive symptoms and even fewer used controlling behavior as an independent variable in such studies. The aim of this study was therefore to assess the prevalence of exposure to IPV in terms of controlling behavior, sexual, and physical violence and their association with self-reported symptoms of depression in a female population based sample. The cross-sectional, population based sample contained 573 women aged 18-65 years randomly selected in Sweden. Five self-reported symptoms that define depression in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders were assessed. Physical and sexual violence were inquired about using the World Health Organization's (WHO) Violence Against Women Instrument (VAWI), while controlling behavior was assess...Continue Reading

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Citations

Dec 13, 2017·Archives of Women's Mental Health·Judit Tirado-MuñozMarta Torrens
Aug 11, 2018·Journal of Interpersonal Violence·Francis BarchiPhyllis L Solomon
Oct 1, 2020·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Evangelia Antoniou
Dec 5, 2020·Violence Against Women·Fatemeh NikparvarSandra M Stith
Dec 1, 2019·Gaceta sanitaria·Cecilia Guzmán-RodríguezLuz M Reynales-Shigematsu
May 8, 2021·Issues in Mental Health Nursing·Kathryn S GerberRosina Cianelli

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