PMID: 15822533Apr 13, 2005

Prevalence of thalassemia in pregnant women at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital

Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Chanane WanapirakTheera Tongsong

Abstract

To determine the prevalence of thalassemia including alpha-thalassemia-1 trait (SEA type), beta-thalassemia trait, hemoglobin E (HbE) trait, homozygous HbE, the combination of alpha-thalassemia-1 (SEA type) and beta-thalassemia trait, alpha-thalassemia-1 (SEA type) and hemoglobin E trait, and beta-thalassemia hemoglobin E disease in pregnant women. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on pregnant women who attended the antenatal clinic at Maharaj Nakorn Chiang Mai Hospital, from 1 August to 31 October 2001. All subjects had blood taken for diagnosis of thalassemia trait or diseases, based on quantitative electrophoresis, and PCR (polymerase chain reaction) technique 516 pregnant women were recruited 81.0% resided in Chiang Mai province, and the remainder were in other northern provinces of Thailand. The mean (+/-SD) age was 27.7+/-6.3 years old. 5.6% of cases had anemia. Overall prevalence of thalassemia trait was 25.4% which were classified as follows: alpha-thalassemia-1 (SEA type) trait 6.6%, beta-thalassemia trait 3.7%, hemoglobin E trait 11.6%, homozygous hemoglobin E 0.8%, the combination of alpha-thalassemia-1 (SEA type) and beta-thalassemia trait 1.2% and the combination of alpha-thalassemia-1 (SEA type) an...Continue Reading

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