Jun 2, 2020

Prevention and treatment of suspected pneumonia in Ethiopian under-five children from household to primary care

Acta Paediatrica
Amare TarikuYemane Berhane


Ethiopia has implemented the integrated Community Case Management to reduce mortality in childhood diseases. We analysed prevention, care-seeking, and treatment of suspected pneumonia from household to health facility in Ethiopia. Analyses were based on a survey in four regions that included modules covering 5714 households, 169 health posts with 276 health extension workers, and 155 health centres with 175 staff. Caregivers of children aged 2-59 months responded to questions on awareness of services and care-seeking for suspected pneumonia. Pneumonia-related knowledge of health workers was assessed. When a child had suspected pneumonia, 46% (95% CI: 25,68) sought care at health facilities, and 27% (95% CI: 12,51) received antibiotics. Forty-one percent had received full immunization. One fifth (21%, 95%: 19,22) of the caregivers were aware of pneumonia treatment. Sixty-four percent of the health extension workers correctly mentioned fast or difficult breathing as signs of suspected pneumonia, and 88% suggested antibiotics treatment. The caregivers' awareness of suspected pneumonia treatment and the utilization of these services were low. Some of the health extension workers were not knowledgeable about suspected pneumonia. Str...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Community Health Workers
Health Center
Antibiotic Therapy
Child Mental Disorders

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