Prevention of Type 1 Diabetes: Past Experiences and Future Opportunities

Journal of Clinical Medicine
Przemysław BeikElżbieta Niechciał

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) results from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta-cells in the pancreas, caused by the interplay of genetic and environmental factors. Despite the introduction of advanced technologies for diabetes management, most patients fail to achieve target glycemic control, and T1D still has a high burden of long-term end-organ complications. Over several decades, multiple clinical trials have attempted to find prevention for T1D in at-risk individuals or to stabilize, ultimately reverse, the disease in those with T1D. To date, T1D remains yet incurable condition; however, recently improved understanding of the natural history of the disease may lead to new strategies to preserve or improve beta-cell function in those at increased risk and T1D patients. This publication aims to provide an overview of past experiences and recent findings in the prevention of T1D.

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Citations

Jun 1, 2021·Frontiers in Immunology·Renata Auricchio, Riccardo Troncone

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