Preventive effect of recombinant human lactoferrin in a rabbit preterm delivery model

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Akitoshi HasegawaAtsuko Kato


Lactoferrin, an iron-binding glycoprotein found in cervical mucus and amniotic fluid, plays a defensive role against mucosal infections. This study examined the effect of recombinant human lactoferrin on preterm delivery in a rabbit model. Anesthetized rabbits were randomly assigned to receive either inoculation with Escherichia coli or saline solution and to receive treatment with or without recombinant human lactoferrin inserted into the cervix 2 hours before bacterial inoculation (condition A: saline + saline; condition B: E coli + saline; condition C: E coli + recombinant human lactoferrin). E coli , saline solution, and recombinant human lactoferrin were inserted into the cervix using a hysteroscope and a sterile polyethylene cannula. Fetus survival rate and days to delivery after inoculation were monitored and tumor necrosis factor-alpha concentrations were measured in maternal serum and amniotic fluid. Fetus survival for conditions A, B, and C were 95.7%, 0%, and 32.6%, respectively, whereas pregnancy continuation was 7.00 +/- 0 days, 3.25 +/- 0.43 days, and 4.85 +/- 1.77 days, respectively. Cervical recombinant human lactoferrin administration increased fetal survival and extended pregnancy. Lactoferrin has an anti-infl...Continue Reading


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