PRG5 Knockout Precipitates Late-Onset Hypersusceptibility to Pilocarpine-Induced Juvenile Seizures by Exacerbating Hippocampal Zinc Signaling-Mediated Mitochondrial Damage.

Frontiers in Neuroscience
Dandan WangHong Ni

Abstract

Epileptogenesis is understood as the plastic process that produces a persistent reorganization of the brain's neural network after a precipitating injury (recurrent neonatal seizures, for instance) with a latent period, finally leading to neuronal hyperexcitability. Plasticity-related genes (PRGs), also known as lipid phosphate phosphatase-related proteins (PLPPRs), are regulators of mitochondrial membrane integrity and energy metabolism. This study was undertaken to determine whether PRG5 gene knockout contributes to the delayed hypersensitivity induced by developmental seizures and the aberrant sprouting of hippocampal mossy fibers, and to determine whether it is achieved through the mitochondrial pathway. Here, we developed a "twist" seizure model by coupling pilocarpine-induced juvenile seizures with later exposure to penicillin to test the long-term effects of PRG5 knockout on seizure latency through comparison with wild-type (WT) mice. Hippocampal mossy fiber sprouting (MFS) was detected by Timm staining. In order to clarify the mechanism of the adverse reactions triggered by PRG5 knockout, hippocampal HT22 neuronal cultures were exposed to glutamate, with or without PRG5 interference. Mitochondrial function, oxidative st...Continue Reading

References

Mar 1, 1972·Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology·R J Racine
Jan 9, 1998·Journal of Neurochemistry·F W HoltsbergS M Steiner
Nov 24, 2001·Brain Research. Developmental Brain Research·Y SogawaG L Holmes
Jul 16, 2005·Neuroscience·C E Brown, R H Dyck
May 13, 2008·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·Anja U Bräuer, Robert Nitsch
Sep 7, 2013·Progress in Lipid Research·Susanne E Horvath, Günther Daum
Nov 12, 2019·Anales de pediatría : publicación oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)·Ignacio MálagaJuan José García-Peñas
Apr 3, 2020·Pharmaceutics·Júlia Companys-AlemanyChristian Griñán-Ferré
Jul 31, 2020·The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews·Rebecca BresnahanAnthony G Marson

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.