PMID: 7939542Oct 8, 1994Paper

Primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the stomach. A review with special reference to the MALT concept

Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift
S B Cogliatti, U Schmid

Abstract

Primary extranodal malignant lymphomas are most often localized in the stomach. In contrast to gastric carcinomas, primary gastric non-Hodgkin's lymphomas show an increasing incidence. According to their grade of malignancy they are divided into low-grade and high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and according to their immunophenotype into B-cell and T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. In most cases they show a B-cell phenotype while high-grade tumors are more frequent than those of low-grade malignancy. However, primary gastric Hodgkin's disease is still a rarity. A new entity, the so-called low-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type, is characterized by a diffuse infiltrate of centrocyte-like cells intermingled with immunoblasts of the same clone, plasma cell differentiation of the tumor cells, lymphoepithelial lesions, and reactive intratumoral lymphoid follicles. It may secondarily transform into a high-grade B-cell lymphoma but remains limited to the stomach for a considerable period of time with a favourable prognosis. The most important prognostic factors of primary gastric lymphomas are stage at initial diagnosis, classification and grading according to the histopathological concep...Continue Reading

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