Primary superior oblique muscle-levator muscle synkinesis

Journal of AAPOS : the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Mihir KothariSvetlana Toshniwal

Abstract

Congenital ocular aberrant innervations can involve oculomotor, trigeminal, abducens, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves.(1) Involvement of the trochlear nerve is considered rare or nonexistent.(1) In this report we present a case of upper eyelid retraction while looking in the field of action of the superior oblique muscle, indicating a primary superior oblique-levator muscle synkinesis.

References

Aug 1, 1974·Archives of Ophthalmology·A R McLeod, J S Glaser
Mar 1, 1984·Survey of Ophthalmology·P A SibonyJ W Gittinger
Dec 1, 1980·Archives of Ophthalmology·F E Lepore, J S Glaser
Feb 1, 1993·Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie·M Martorina, E Porté
Sep 18, 2015·Acta neurologica Belgica·Ingrid J KleissHenri A M Marres

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Citations

Apr 25, 2012·Journal of AAPOS : the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus·Pramod Kumar PandeyEkta Sinha
Aug 18, 2009·Journal of AAPOS : the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus·Devon H GhodasraGil Binenbaum
Jun 23, 2009·Journal of AAPOS : the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus·Iris S Kassem, Sylvia R Kodsi
Jan 15, 2014·Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology : the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society·Lulu L C D Bursztyn, Inas Makar

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