PMID: 9464866Feb 17, 1998

Proarrhythmic effects of ischemic preconditioning in anesthetized pigs

Basic Research in Cardiology
F GrundA Ilebekk

Abstract

Conflicting data exist on how ischemic preconditioning affects the incidence of arrhythmias during ischemia. The present study was, therefore, performed to clarify if ischemic preconditioning alters the incidence of arrhythmias during the early phase of ischemia in pigs. Twenty-four pigs (23-36.5 kg) in pentobarbital anesthesia were preconditioned by a 10 min LAD-occlusion and 30 min reperfusion prior to a second 10 min occlusion. The first occlusion served as the preconditioning ischemic period, and the second occlusion as the test ischemic period. To verify that the preconditioning protocol induced protection, infarct size was assessed in an additional nine pigs. The arrhythmic index (arrhythmic beats/min) increased from 12+/-3 during the first occlusion to 38+/-8 during the second occlusion (P < 0.05). Four pigs (17%) fibrillated during the first ischemic period, while 10 pigs (42%) fibrillated during the second ischemic period (P < 0.05). All pigs that fibrillated during the first occlusion also fibrillated during the second occlusion. Mean heart rate was 108+/-4 beats/min before the first occlusion and increased to 113+/-4 beats/min before the second occlusion (P < 0.001). There was a positive correlation between heart rat...Continue Reading

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Citations

Feb 12, 2002·Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal : SCJ·K Ylitalo, K Peuhkurinen
Oct 24, 2006·Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics·A IlebekkMargareta Nordlander
Feb 2, 2010·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Tetsuji MiuraToshiyuki Yano
May 11, 2002·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·Daniel C SiggPaul A Iaizzo
Jan 25, 2003·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·James A ColesPaul A Iaizzo

Related Concepts

Anesthesia Procedures
Cardiac Arrhythmia
Coronary Heart Disease
Electrocardiographic Recorders
Hemodynamics
Myocardial Infarction
Ventricular Fibrillation
Reperfusion Therapy
Ischemic Preconditioning

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