Mar 25, 2020

Severe and multifaceted systemic immunosuppression caused by experimental cancers of the central nervous system requires release of non-steroid soluble mediators

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
K. AyasoufiAaron J Johnson

Abstract

Immunosuppression of unknown etiology is a hallmark feature of glioblastoma (GBM) and is characterized by decreased CD4 T cell counts and down regulation of MHC class II expression on peripheral blood monocytes in patients. This immunosuppression is a critical barrier to the successful development of immunotherapies for GBM. We recapitulated the immunosuppression observed in GBM patients in the C57BL/6 mouse and investigated the etiology of low CD4 T cell counts. We determined that thymic involution was a hallmark feature of immunosuppression in three distinct models of CNS cancer, including mice harboring GL261 glioma, B16 melanoma, and in a spontaneous model of Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG). In addition to thymic involution, we determined that tumor growth in the brain induced significant splenic involution, reductions in peripheral T cells, reduced MHC class II expression on hematopoietic cells, and a modest increase in bone marrow resident CD4 T cells with a naive phenotype. Using parabiosis we report that thymic involution, declines in peripheral T cell counts, and reduced MHC class II expression levels were mediated through circulating blood-derived factors. Conversely, T cell sequestration in the bone marrow wa...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Polymorphism
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Rabies vaccine, for intramuscular injection
Positioning Attribute
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Gene Function
Nucleotides

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