Apr 16, 2020

Role of gene length in control of human gene expression; chromosome-specific and tissue-specific effects

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jay C. Brown

Abstract

Abstract Background This study was carried out to pursue the observation that the level of gene expression is affected by gene length in the genomes of higher vertebrates. As transcription is a time-dependent process, it is expected that gene expression will be inversely related to gene length, and this is found to be the case. Here I describe the results of studies performed with the human genome to test whether the gene length/gene expression linkage is affected by two factors, the chromosome where the gene is located and the tissue where it is expressed. Experimental design Studies were carried out with a database of 2413 human genes that were divided into short, mid-length and long groups. Each of the 24 human chromosomes was then characterized according to the proportion of each gene length group present. A similar analysis was performed with 19 human tissues. The proportion of short, mid-length and long genes was noted for each tissue. Results Both chromosome and tissue studies revealed new information about the role of gene length in control of gene expression. Chromosome studies led to the identification of two chromosome populations that differ in the level of short gene expression. Tissue studies support the conclusio...Continue Reading

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