Probiotics in animal nutrition: a review
The normal microflora colonizing the digestive tract in livestock species at five to six days after birth can be summarized as following: 400 to 500 different bacterial strains for a total count of 10(14) bacteriae. The role of the gut flora is multifarious: fermentation of feed compounds, induction of anatomical and physiological changes in the intestinal cell wall structure, increase in animal resistance against enteropathogenic bacteriae, etc. In the present review, the numerous hypotheses for explaining the beneficial effects of probiotics on zootechnical performances and also the healthy aspects for men and animals are summarized, and the possible mechanisms of bacterial attachment are enumerated. The different assumptions on mode of action and fixation mechanisms of probiotics in the gut are critically discussed, and the required characteristics of the ideal probiotic are listed. Finally, some zootechnical results obtained with lactic acid bacteria are shown for calves, piglets and broilers.
Changes in the microflora and physiology of the anterior intestinal tract of pigs weaned at 2 days, with special reference to the pathogenesis of diarrhea
Determinants in microbial colonization of the murine gastrointestinal tract: pH, temperature, and energy-yielding metabolism of Torulopsis pintolopesii
Mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa and cystic fibrosis: resistance of the mucoid from to carbenicillin, flucloxacillin and tobramycin and the isolation of mucoid variants in vitro
Detection and characterization of colonization factor of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli isolated from adults with diarrhea
The mechanism of passage of endogenous urea through the rumen wall and the role of ureolytic epithelial bacteria in the urea flux
Production of an antibiotic substance by Bacillus licheniformis within the digestive tract of gnotobiotic mice
Indigenous microorganisms prevent reduction in cecal size induced by Salmonella typhimurium in vaccinated gnotobiotic mice
Investigations on a metabolite from Lactobacillus bulgaricus which neutralizes the effect of enterotoxin from Escherichia coli pathogenic for pigs
Behavior of microflora in the rat stomach: adhesion of lactobacilli to the keratinized epithelial cells of the rat stomach in vitro
Mucoid strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa: the influence of culture medium on the stability of mucus production
Evidence for a complex life cycle and endospore formation in the attached, filamentous, segmented bacterium from murine ileum
Hydrolysis of urea in the gastrointestinal tract of "monoxenic" rats: effect of immunization with strains of ureolytic bacteria
Influence of the implantation of Lactobacillus acidophilus in chicks on the growth, feed conversion, malabsorption of fats syndrome and intestinal flora
Habitat, succession, attachment, and morphology of segmented, filamentous microbes indigenous to the murine gastrointestinal tract
Associations and physiological interactions of indigenous microorganisms and gastrointestinal epithelia
Prevention of the growth of Salmonella infantis in chicks by the flora of the alimentary tract of chickens
Surface-surface associations in microbial communities populating epithelial habitats in the murine gastrointestinal ecosystem: scanning electron microscopy
The microflora of the pig stomach and its possible relationship to ulceration of the pars oesophagea
Early pathogenesis of colitis in neonatal pigs monocontaminated with Escherichia coli. Fine structural changes in the colonic epithelium
Comparison of bacterial and fungal adherence to vaginal exfoliated epithelial cells and human vaginal epithelial tissue culture cells
The attachment of bacteria to the gastric epithelium of the pig and its importance in the microecology of the intestine
Intestinal microflora in the guinea pig as observed by scanning electron microscopy. Effect of fibrous dietary supplements
Mechanisms that control bacterial populations in continuous-flow culture models of mouse large intestinal flora
Effect of Lactobacillus inoculation and antibiotic feeding of chickens on availability of dietary biotin
Effect of oral dosing of Lactobacillus strains on gut colonization and liver biotin in broiler chicks
Drinking water treatment with a commercial preparation of a concentrated Lactobacillus culture for broiler chickens
Influence of feeding fermented colostrum and Lactobacillus acidophilus on fecal flora of dairy calves
Abnormal colonization of neonates in an ICU: conversion to normal colonization by pharyngeal implantation of alpha hemolytic streptococcus strain 215
The screening of four aminoglycosides in the selective decontamination of the digestive tract in mice
Dietary manipulation of gastric pH in the prophylaxis of enteric disease in weaned pigs: some field observations
Colonization of tissue surfaces in the gastrointestinal tract of gnotobiotic animals by lactobacillus strains
Transit time of epithelial cells in the small intestines of germfree mice and ex-germfree mice associated with indigenous microorganisms
A scanning electron microscopy study of the invasion of leaflets of a bloat-safe and a bloat-causing legume by rumen microorganisms
Attachment of Streptococcus faecium, to the duodenal epithelium of the chicken and its importance in colonization of the small intestine
Energy and protein retention in holoxenic, axenic and gnotoxenic chickens monoassociated with Lactobacillus spp
The influence of nonabsorbable antibiotics on serum lipids and the excretion of neutral sterols and bile acids
Filamentous microbes indigenous to the murine small bowel: A scanning electron microscopic study of their morphology and attachment to the epithelium
Effect of Feeding Lactobacilli on the Coliform and Lactobacillus Flora of Intestinal Tissue and Feces from Piglets 1
Beneficial Interrelationships Between Certain Microorganisms and Humans: Candidate Microorganisms for Use as Dietary Adjuncts 1,2
Functionality of a Bacillus cereus biological agent in response to physiological variables encountered in aquaculture
In vitro growth characteristics of five candidate aquaculture probiotics and two fish pathogens grown in fish intestinal mucus
Effects of three microbial probiotics on postprandial porto-arterial concentration differences of glucose, galactose and amino-nitrogen in the young pig
Influence of a probiotic Enterococcus faecium strain on selected bacterial groups in the small intestine of growing turkey poults
Response of performance characteristics and fecal consistency to long-lasting dietary supplementation with the probiotic strain Bacillus cereus var. toyoi to sows and piglets
Targeting motility properties of bacteria in the development of probiotic cultures against Campylobacter jejuni in broiler chickens
Distribution of pathogen inhibition in the Lactobacillus isolates of a commercial probiotic consortium
The effect of Lactobacillus spp. on the attachment of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli to isolated porcine enterocytes
Population diversity of yeasts and lactic acid bacteria in pig feed fermented with whey, wet wheat distillers' grains, or water at different temperatures
Genomic diversity within the genus Pediococcus as revealed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA PCR and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis
Evaluation of the bacterial diversity in the feces of cattle using 16S rDNA bacterial tag-encoded FLX amplicon pyrosequencing (bTEFAP)
Microencapsulation of a putative probiotic Enterobacter species, C6-6, to protect rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), against bacterial coldwater disease
Immune stimulation and improved infection resistance in European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) fed mannan oligosaccharides
Effects of Chinese wolfberry (Lycium chinense P. Mill.) leaf hydrolysates on the growth of Pediococcus acidilactici
pEOC01: a plasmid from Pediococcus acidilactici which encodes an identical streptomycin resistance (aadE) gene to that found in Campylobacter jejuni
Isolation and selection of Bacillus spp. as potential biological agents for enhancement of water quality in culture of ornamental fish
Precaecal and faecal digestibility of inulin (DP 10-12) or an inulin/Enterococcus faecium mix and effects on nutrient digestibility and microbial gut flora
Effects of a probiotic Enterococcus faecium strain supplemented from birth to weaning on diarrhoea patterns and performance of piglets
Effect of orally administered probiotic E. coli strain Nissle 1917 on intestinal mucosal immune cells of healthy young pigs
Evolution of probiotics in aquatic world: Potential effects, the current status in Egypt and recent prospectives
Small intestinal segment perfusion test in piglets: future applications in studying probiotics-gut crosstalk in infectious diarrhoea?
Rapid and accurate identification of species of the genus Pediococcus isolated from Korean fermented foods by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight MS with local database extension
Bacterial tag-encoded FLX amplicon pyrosequencing (bTEFAP) for microbiome studies: bacterial diversity in the ileum of newly weaned Salmonella-infected pigs
Glucose but Not Polypeptone Reduces the Effect of Probiotic Preparations to Stimulate Carbohydrate Breakdown and Reduce Net Ammonia Production by Pig Cecal Bacteria In Vitro
C-reactive protein and antibacterial activity in blood plasma of colostrum-fed calves and the effect of lactulose
Effect of lactulose on growth performance and intestinal morphology of pre-ruminant calves using a milk replacer containing Enterococcus faecium
Positive effects of dietary supplementation of three probiotics on milk yield, milk composition and intestinal flora in Sannan dairy goats varied in kind of probiotics
The nutritive efficiency of Bacillus cereus as a probiotic in the raising of piglets. 1. Effect on the growth parameters and gastrointestinal environment
Effects of dietary Lactobacillus plantarum and AHL lactonase on the control of Aeromonas hydrophila infection in tilapia
Genomics Analysis of Bacillus megaterium 1259 as a Probiotic and Its Effects on Performance in Lactating Dairy Cows.
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