Nov 28, 2018

Probiotics in Celiac Disease

Nutrients
Fernanda CristoforiRuggiero Francavilla

Abstract

Recently, the interest in the human microbiome and its interplay with the host has exploded and provided new insights on its role in conferring host protection and regulating host physiology, including the correct development of immunity. However, in the presence of microbial imbalance and particular genetic settings, the microbiome may contribute to the dysfunction of host metabolism and physiology, leading to pathogenesis and/or the progression of several diseases. Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic autoimmune enteropathy triggered by dietary gluten exposure in genetically predisposed individuals. Despite ascertaining that gluten is the trigger in CD, evidence has indicated that intestinal microbiota is somehow involved in the pathogenesis, progression, and clinical presentation of CD. Indeed, several studies have reported imbalances in the intestinal microbiota of patients with CD that are mainly characterized by an increased abundance of Bacteroides spp. and a decrease in Bifidobacterium spp. The evidence that some of these microbial imbalances still persist in spite of a strict gluten-free diet and that celiac patients suffering from persistent gastrointestinal symptoms have a desert gut microbiota composition further suppor...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Study
Pathogenic Aspects
Diet
Pathogenesis
Metabolism by Symbiont of Host Protein
Bifidobacterium
Imbalance
Regulation of Biological Process
Glutens

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