Processing of flavivirus structural glycoproteins: stable membrane insertion of premembrane requires the envelope signal peptide

L MarkoffB Falgout


The flavivirus structural proteins capsid (C), premembrane (prM), and envelope (E) are cleaved in that order from the N-terminus of the polyprotein by the ER intralumenal enzyme signal peptidase. The prM-E and E-NS1 junctions contain hydrophobic domains with both transmembrane and signal function. These domains reside at the C-termini of prM and E, respectively, after cleavage. We studied the functions of the 37-amino-acid C-terminus of the dengue virus type 4 (DEN4) prM (amino acids 243-279 of the DEN4 polyprotein) in the processing of prM and E. Hydrophobicity in this domain is interrupted by a conserved Arg residue (Arg-264) within a short amphipathic segment. Hydrophobic amino acids upstream from Arg-264 (aa 243-263) were presumed to constitute the membrane anchor for prM (the "tm" segment). Previous results had suggested that sequences downstream from Arg-264 (aa 265-279) constitute the E signal peptide. RNA transcripts prepared from wild-type (wt) and deletion-mutant DEN4 cDNAs encoding the prM signal peptide, prM, E, and the N-terminus of the nonstructural glycoprotein, NS1, were translated in rabbit reticulocyte lysate in the presence of microsomes. Processing of wt prM and E in vitro appeared to mimic processing occurr...Continue Reading


Aug 17, 2005·Journal of Virology·Carey L MedinAlan L Rothman
Nov 26, 2005·Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy·Michael S Diamond
Jun 23, 2006·Reviews in Medical Virology·Joshua FinkSubhash G Vasudevan
May 20, 2003·Immunology and Cell Biology·Michael S Diamond
Jan 7, 1998·Journal of Virology·R P Valle, B Falgout
Feb 20, 2021·Virus Research·Debajit DeyS Saif Hasan
Jul 3, 2021·Viruses·Pham-Tue-Hung TranWessam Melik

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.