PMID: 40769Sep 1, 1979

Production of a dimer of 2-acetylaminofluorene during the sulfation of N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene in vitro

Drug Metabolism and Disposition : the Biological Fate of Chemicals
L S AndrewsJ R Gillette

Abstract

During the sulfation of N-hydroxy-2-acetylaminofluorene (NOH-2AAF) by rat liver 100,000 g supernatant fraction in vitro, an unidentified metabolite is produced which accounts for 22% of the N-OH-2AAF metabolized. This product has been characterized as the 2AAF dimer, 1-(N-2'-fluorenylacetamido-2-acetylaminofluorene) by comparing its TLC, HPLC, UV, and mass spectral properties with a synthetic standard which was prepared from the reaction of N-acetoxy-2-acetylaminofluorene (N-AcO-2AAF) with 2AAF. Increasing amounts of 2AAF added to the incubation mixture of N-OH-[acetyl-14C]2AAF and rat liver 100,000 g supernatant fraction decreased the irreversible binding of 14C to protein, and increased the formation of 2AAF dimer proportionately. This suggests that the 2AAF dimer is formed from the reaction of 2AAF and the electrophilic species produced from the sulfated N-OH-2AAF. In the presence of the 9,000 g fraction of rat liver, the dimer of 2AAF was aroximately 1/25 as active as 2AAF in producing mutations in the Salmonella mutagenesis test system.

Related Concepts

Metabolic Biotransformation
Clastogens
Polymers
Salmonella
Sulfates, Inorganic
Acetylaminofluorene

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