PMID: 16346127Nov 1, 1982

Production of a Thermostable beta-d-Galactosidase by Alternaria alternata Grown in Whey

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
B J Macris

Abstract

In the course of exploring new microbial sources of extracellular beta-d-galactosidase (EC. 3.2.1.23), Alternaria alternata was found to excrete elevated quantities of a thermostable form of the enzyme when cultivated in whey growth medium. Optimum cultural conditions for maximum enzyme production were a whey lactose concentration of 6%, supplementation of the medium with 0.050 M (NH(4))(2)SO(4), an inoculum size of 10 conidia per ml, and a cultivation time at 28 to 30 degrees C of 5 days. The fungus utilized whey lactose for the production of the enzyme most efficiently, and the observed maximum yield, 280 nanokatals of hydrolyzed o-nitrophenyl-beta-d-galactopyranoside per g of whey lactose, was comparable to maximum yields reported for certain commercial fungi. The optimum pH and temperature of the enzymatic reaction were 4.5 to 5.5 and 60 to 70 degrees C, respectively, and the enzyme lost half of its activity when heated at 65 degrees C for 84 min. These properties make the enzyme particularly suitable for processing acid and less-acid (pH 5 to 6) dairy products and by-products.

References

Related Concepts

Extracellular
Conidia
Alternaria alternata antigen
Alternaria alternata allergenic extract
Excretory Function
Biochemical Reaction
Microbial
Alternaria alternata
Beta-Galactosidase
Fungi

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