Production of an extracellular ribonuclease by Pseudomonas maltophilia

Canadian Journal of Microbiology
M Arella, M Sylvestre


As part of a screening program for pseudomonad enzymes having an industrial interest, we selected ribonuclease (RNase) producing strains. Of the 150 pseudomonads screened, 6 were found to produce an extracellular RNase activity when grown on solid medium. In broth culture, the RNase activity from these six species remained bound to the cells unless gelatin was added to the medium. Gelatin was essential for the release of RNase in the broth culture, but the pH of the medium, addition of potential inducers such as nucleic acids, or addition of cations did not affect this release. However, gelatin did not appear to induce the synthesis of the enzyme. Strain B-88, identified as Pseudomonas maltophilia, was selected for further study of the enzyme. The extracellular RNase isolated from B-88 broth cultures could be separated in two fractions on the basis of the molecular weight by the ultrafiltration technique. The low molecular weight fraction reacts optimally at temperatures between 55 and 60 degrees C and optimal pH values varying from 7.4 to 9.5. At neutral or alkaline pH, the enzyme was stable at temperatures below 37 degrees C but was inactivated at 55 degrees C. The RNase was inhibited by mercury and cobalt and stimulated by m...Continue Reading

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