Production of Flocculants, Adsorbents, and Dispersants from Lignin

Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jiachuan ChenPedram Fatehi

Abstract

Currently, lignin is mainly produced in pulping processes, but it is considered as an under-utilized chemical since it is being mainly used as a fuel source. Lignin contains many hydroxyl groups that can participate in chemical reactions to produce value-added products. Flocculants, adsorbents, and dispersants have a wide range of applications in industry, but they are mainly oil-based chemicals and expensive. This paper reviews the pathways to produce water soluble lignin-based flocculants, adsorbents, and dispersants. It provides information on the recent progress in the possible use of these lignin-based flocculants, adsorbents, and dispersants. It also critically discusses the advantages and disadvantages of various approaches to produce such products. The challenges present in the production of lignin-based flocculants, adsorbents, and dispersants and possible scenarios to overcome these challenges for commercial use of these products in industry are discussed.

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Citations

Sep 11, 2020·Materials·Piotr MaćczakMarta Ziegler-Borowska
Dec 31, 2020·International Journal of Molecular Sciences·Adam Ekielski, Pawan Kumar Mishra
Jan 14, 2021·Carbohydrate Polymers·Zahra Hosseinpour Feizi, Pedram Fatehi
Jan 8, 2021·Molecules : a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry·Tong LuoGaojin Lyu

Related Concepts

Adsorption
Flocculation
Lignin
Biomass
Lignin
Chemicals
Flocculant VA-2
Hydroxyl group

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