PMID: 39891Aug 1, 1979

Production of heat-stable, methanol-soluble enterotoxin by Yersinia enterocolitica

Infection and Immunity
J M BoyceH L DuPont


Seven isolates of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype 0:8, recovered during an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness, were examined for enterotoxin production. All seven strains were enterotoxigenic in the suckling mouse model, and three of five isolates tested produced keratoconjunctivitis in the guinea pig eye model (Sereny test). Enterotoxin was detected in broth supernatant fluid after 12 h of incubation at 25 degrees C. The toxin was not inactivated by exposure to 121 degrees C for 30 min or by storage at 4 or -40 degrees C for at least 5 months. The enterotoxin was also acid stable and methanol soluble. Methanol extraction did not affect its heat stability or enterotoxic activity in suckling mice. These physical characteristics plus limited ultrafiltration studies suggest that the enterotoxin is a low-molecular-weight substance. Y. enterocolitica enterotoxin resembles Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin in heat and pH stability, methanol solubility, and enterotoxic activity in suckling mice. However, its role in the pathogenesis of human diarrhea has not been established.


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Apr 1, 1989·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·S K MeurS K Srivastava
Jan 1, 1983·Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·M Lopez-Brea, M L Jimenez
Jul 1, 1990·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·S Toora, G Singh

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Pathogenic Aspects
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