PMID: 16345400Jun 1, 1979

Production of Lactase by Candida pseudotropicalis Grown in Whey

Applied and Environmental Microbiology
S A de Bales, F J Castillo

Abstract

Lactase (beta-d-galactosidase) was produced by Candida pseudotropicalis grown in deproteinized whey. Maximum enzyme production in 2% whey was obtained by supplementation with 0.15% yeast extract, 0.1% (NH(4))(2)SO(4), and 0.05% KH(2)PO(4) (wt/vol). Highest enzyme values (4.35 U/mg of cells and 68 U/ml) were obtained with 10 to 12% whey, while enzyme yield was maximal in 2% whey (0.87 U/mg of whey). Optimal initial pH for cultivation was 3.5. The best conditions for extraction included 2% (wt/vol) chloroform, 10 h of treatment, pH 6.6 and higher, and 30 to 37 degrees C. Optimum pH and temperature for enzyme activity were 6.2 and 47 degrees C. The enzyme had a K(m) for O-nitrophenyl-beta-d-galactopyranoside of 3.06 x 10 M and the initial V(max) was estimated as 6.63 x 10 M per min. It hydrolized 50 and 100% of the lactose in whey and milk within 4 and 5 h, respectively, at 37 degrees C. The lyophilized enzyme retained 95% of activity for 3 months when stored at -20 degrees C.

References

Oct 12, 2013·Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture·Xiaojun SunJing Wu
Jan 1, 1981·Folia Microbiologica·H M SonawatS M Dutta
Mar 1, 1983·Biotechnology and Bioengineering·D K Sandhu, M K Waraich
Oct 31, 2018·Bioengineering·Rajeev RavindranAmit K Jaiswal

Related Concepts

AS 6
Enzyme Activity
Blood Enzyme Activity (Lab Test)
Beta-Galactosidase
Kluyveromyces marxianus
o-nitrophenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside
Lactase
YEAST extract
Saccharum lactis, Homeopathic preparation
LCT gene

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