PMID: 39105Oct 1, 1979

Production of maximally acid urine by the isolated dog kidney

The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
J G KleinmanH D Itskovitz


The isolated kidney has not been reported to acidify urine maximally. To study this defect, kidneys from dogs fed NH4Cl were perfused with autologous blood. Perfusate pH was 7.20 +/- 0.03 [HCO3] was 14 +/- 1 mEq/L, and urine pH was abnormally high, 6.60 +/- 0.08. When corrected for difference in GFR, UNH4+V was similar to that seen in vivo, but UTAV and UNet H+V were low. FEHCO3- was 2.3% +/- 0.8% and HCO3- excretion persisted to a small degree at perfusate [HCO3-] of 8 to 9 mEq/L. In response to HCO3- infusions, large increases in excretion were not seen until perfusate values were over 24 to 26 mEq/L. HCO3- Tmax was 2.94 +/- 0.07 mEq/dl of glomerular filtrate. The isolated kidney failed to raise U-B PCO2 with HCO3- infusion secondary to low urine [HCO3-] and [Pi]. During perfusion in another group of kidneys from dogs fed NH4Cl and given DOC, perfusate pH and [HCO3-] were similar to those in the first group. Urine pH was also inappropriately high, 7.12 +/- 0.09, and there was no UNet H+V. In response to Na2SO4 infusion, urinary pH fell to 5.00 +/- 0.27. Log10UUAV was correlated to urine pH during the control perfusions in both groups and after Na2SO4 in the NH4Cl + DOC group. Thus production of a low urine pH in the isolated ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Sulfates, Inorganic
Renal Glomerular Disease
Renal Tubular Acidosis
Thyroid Hormone Plasma Membrane Transport Defect
Urine pH Measurement
Carbonic Acid Ions
Acidification - ActCode

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