DOI: 10.1101/477414Nov 27, 2018Paper

Production of very-high-amylose cassava by post-transcriptional silencing of branching enzyme genes

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Wenzhi ZhouPeng Zhang

Abstract

High amylose starch, a desired raw material in the starch industry, can be produced by plants deficient in the function of branching enzymes (BEs). Here we report the production of transgenic cassava plants with starches containing up to 50% amylose due to the constitutive expression of hair-pin dsRNAs targeting the BE1 or BE2 genes. A significant decrease in BE transcripts was confirmed in these transgenic plants by quantitative real-time RT-PCR. The absence of BE1 protein in the BE1-RNAi plant lines (BE1i) and a dramatically lower level of BE2 protein in the BE2-RNAi plant lines (BE2i) were further confirmed by Western blot assays. All transgenic plant lines were grown up in the field, but with reduced biomass production of the above-ground parts and storage roots compared to wild type (WT). Considerably high amylose content in the storage roots of BE2i plant lines was achieved, though not in BE1i plant lines. Storage starch granules of BE1i and BE2i plants had similar morphology as WT, however, the size of BE1i starch granules were bigger than that of WT. Comparisons of amylograms and thermograms of all three sources of storage starches revealed dramatic changes to the pasting properties and a higher melting temperature for ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Amylopectin
Amylose
Manihot esculenta
Genes
Glucans
RNA, Double-Stranded
Starch
X-Ray Diffraction
Plants, Transgenic
Cell Line, Tumor

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