PMID: 10069Sep 1, 1976

Production of volatiles from decomposing plant tissues and effect of these volatiles on Rhizoctonia solani in culture

Canadian Journal of Microbiology
J A Lewis

Abstract

Volatiles, of which NH3 is a major component, were evolved from decomposing immature corn tissue (c:n9) and affected R. solani in culture two ways: they supplied additional nitrogen to the growth medium so that fungal mycelial growth increased; and they raised substrate pH from 5.5 to 8.2 which induced melanization of mycelium. Volatiles increased fungus growth and pigmentation within 2 weeks of amendment addition to soil. Increases were concomitant with NH3 production from corn tissue. More NH3 evolved from decomposing corn tissues of C:N9 and 17 than from those of C-N 33 and 81. More growth and pigmentation occurred in flasks through which volatiles from decomposing corn (C:N9) were passed than in flasks through which volatiles from nonamended soil or decomposing corn (C:N81) were passed. Carbon dioxide from decomposing tissues did not affect growth or pigmentation. Twice as much NH3 evolved from corn tissue (C:N9) which decomposed in saturated soil than from tissue which decomposed in soil at 50% of its water-holding capacity. Pigment production doubled under saturated conditions.

Citations

Apr 1, 1994·The Journal of Applied Bacteriology·P J Fiddaman, S Rossall
Jun 24, 2017·Plant, Cell & Environment·Birgit PiechullaMarco Kai

Related Concepts

Ammonia
Carbon Dioxide
Zea luxurians
Hyphomycetes
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Nitrogen
Pigments, Biological
Rhizoctonia
Soil Microbiology

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