Nov 19, 1985

Products of metal exchange reactions of metallothionein

Biochemistry
D G NettesheimJ D Otvos

Abstract

Hepatic metallothionein (MT) isolated from Cd-exposed animals always contains Zn (2-3 mol/mol of protein) in addition to Cd (4-5 mol/mol of protein), and the two metals are distributed in a nonuniform, but reproducible, manner among the seven binding sites of the protein's two metal-thiolate clusters. Different methodologies of preparing rabbit liver Cd, Zn-MT in vitro were investigated to provide insight into why such a distinct mixture of mixed-metal clusters is produced in vivo and by what mechanism they form. 113Cd NMR spectra of the products of stepwise displacement of Zn2+ from Zn7-MT by 113Cd2+ show that Cd binding to the clusters is not cooperative (i.e., clusters containing exclusively Cd are not formed in preference to mixed-metal Cd, Zn clusters), there is no selective occupancy of one cluster before the other, and many clusters are produced with a nonnative metal distribution indicating that this pathway is probably not followed in vivo. In contrast, the surprising discovery was made that the native cluster compositions and their relative concentrations could be reproduced exactly by simply mixing together the appropriate amounts of Cd7-MT and Zn7-MT and allowing intermolecular metal exchange to occur. This heretofo...Continue Reading

  • References8
  • Citations61

References

  • References8
  • Citations61

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy
Hepatic
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
MT1A
Protein Conformation
Cadmium
Isotopes
Metallothionein IIA
In Vitro [Publication Type]

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.