Nov 19, 1985

Products of metal exchange reactions of metallothionein

D G NettesheimJ D Otvos


Hepatic metallothionein (MT) isolated from Cd-exposed animals always contains Zn (2-3 mol/mol of protein) in addition to Cd (4-5 mol/mol of protein), and the two metals are distributed in a nonuniform, but reproducible, manner among the seven binding sites of the protein's two metal-thiolate clusters. Different methodologies of preparing rabbit liver Cd, Zn-MT in vitro were investigated to provide insight into why such a distinct mixture of mixed-metal clusters is produced in vivo and by what mechanism they form. 113Cd NMR spectra of the products of stepwise displacement of Zn2+ from Zn7-MT by 113Cd2+ show that Cd binding to the clusters is not cooperative (i.e., clusters containing exclusively Cd are not formed in preference to mixed-metal Cd, Zn clusters), there is no selective occupancy of one cluster before the other, and many clusters are produced with a nonnative metal distribution indicating that this pathway is probably not followed in vivo. In contrast, the surprising discovery was made that the native cluster compositions and their relative concentrations could be reproduced exactly by simply mixing together the appropriate amounts of Cd7-MT and Zn7-MT and allowing intermolecular metal exchange to occur. This heretofo...Continue Reading

  • References8
  • Citations61


  • References8
  • Citations61

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Protein Conformation
Metallothionein IIA
In Vitro [Publication Type]

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