Mar 23, 2020

Profiling virus-specific Tcf1+ T cell repertoires during acute and chronic viral infection

bioRxiv
Alexander YermanosAnnette Oxenius

Abstract

CD8 T cells play a crucial role in providing protection from viral infections. It has recently been established that a subset of CD8 T cells expressing Tcf1 are responsible for sustaining exhausted T cells during chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection. Many of these studies, however, have been performed using T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice, in which CD8 T cells express a monoclonal TCR specific for the LCMV glycoprotein. To investigate whether the Tcf1+ and Tcf1- repertoires are naturally composed of similar or different clones in wild-type mice exposed to acute or chronic LCMV infection, we performed TCR repertoire sequencing of virus-specific CD8 T cells, including Tcf1+ and Tcf1- populations. Our analysis revealed that the Tcf1+ TCR repertoire is maintained at an equal or higher degree of clonal diversity despite harboring fewer cells. Additionally, within the same animal, there was extensive clonal overlap between the Tcf1+ and Tcf1- repertoires in both chronic and acute LCMV infection. We could further detect these virus-specific clones in longitudinal blood samples earlier in the infection. With respect to common repertoire parameters (clonal overlap, germline gene usage, and clonal expansion),...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Clone
Longitudinal
Virus
Protein Expression
Germ Line
Mice, Transgenic
Virus Diseases
Antibody Repertoire
Clonal Expansion

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