Prognostic Analysis for Children with Hepatoblastoma with Lung Metastasis: A Single-Center Analysis of 98 Cases

ResearchSquare
Huimin HuDongsheng Huang

Abstract

Background To analyze the factors affecting prognosis of hepatoblastoma (HB) with lung metastasis in children.Patients and Methods: 98 HB patients with lung metastases admitted to Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University were collected and analysed.Results 64 patients had lung metastases at diagnosis (median age, 22.3 months). 34 patients developed lung metastases whilst on treatment (median time, 6.5 months). The time of diagnosis of lung metastasis in patients with HB did not significantly affect survival time or 3-year survival rate (P = 0.37). The survival time and 5-year survival rate of patients with standard treatment was significantly longer than that of without standard treatment (P < 0.001). The survival time and 3-year survival rate of patients with lung metastasis alone or underwent lung metastasectomy was significantly longer than that of patients with extrapulmonary involvement or without lung metastasectomy (P = 0.007, P = 0.099). Lung metastasis accompanied with extrapulmonary involvement was risk factors affecting prognosis (HR = 0.460, 95% CI 0.239–0.888).Conclusions The overall prognosis of HB with lung metastasis in children was poor, and the prognosis of patients with lung metastasis alone wa...Continue Reading

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