Prognostic factors and clinical nomogram predicting survival in high-grade glioma.

Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Thara TunthanathipTanat Vaniyapong

Abstract

Genomic-based tools have been used to predict poor prognosis high-grade glioma (HGG). As genetic technologies are not generally available in countries with limited resources, clinical parameters may be still necessary to use in predicting the prognosis of the disease. This study aimed to identify prognostic factors associated with survival of patients with HGG. We also proposed a validated nomogram using clinical parameters to predict the survival of patients with HGG. A multicenter retrospective study was conducted in patients who were diagnosed with anaplastic astrocytoma (WHO III) or glioblastoma (WHO IV). Collected data included clinical characteristics, neuroimaging findings, treatment, and outcomes. Prognostic factor analysis was conducted using Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. Then, we used the significant prognostic factors to develop a nomogram. A split validation of nomogram was performed. Twenty percent of the dataset was used to test the performance of the developed nomogram. Data from 171 patients with HGG were analyzed. Overall median survival was 12 months (interquartile range: 5). Significant independent predictors included frontal HGG (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.40-0.60...Continue Reading

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