Prognostic factors for pulmonary metastasectomy in hepatocellular carcinoma

Annals of Surgical Oncology
Shuenn-Wen KuoYung-Chie Lee


To identify the prognostic factors for pulmonary metastasectomy (PM-ectomy) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We conducted a retrospective review of patients with pulmonary metastases (PM) from HCC who had undergone curative PM-ectomy at National Taiwan University Hospital between 1990 and 2004. Univariate (log-rank) and multivariate (Cox's model) analyses of survival were used to identify the significant prognostic factors. In total, 34 patients were eligible for curative PM-ectomy. The overall survival rates (Kaplan-Meier) after PM-ectomy were 65.2% and 27.5% at 2 and 5 years, respectively. High alpha-fetoprotein level, positive hepatic resection margin, and short disease-free interval (DFI) were unfavorable factors for overall survival from univariate analysis, however, only DFI (P = 0.028) was identified as an independently prognostic factor by multivariate analysis. Bilateral distribution and more PMs were unfavorable factors for PM-free survival from univariate analysis, with only PM number identified as an independent prognostic factor by multivariate analysis (P = 0.017). Patients with longer DFIs and fewer PMs can benefit from PM-ectomy in HCC.


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