Nov 5, 1989

Proinsulin endopeptidase substrate specificities defined by site-directed mutagenesis of proinsulin

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
K DochertyJ C Hutton

Abstract

Two endopeptidases are involved in the conversion of proinsulin; a type I activity directed at the B chain, Arg31,Arg32, C-peptide junction, and type II which cleaves the C-peptide, Lys64,Arg65, A chain junction. To define further the substrate specificities of these enzymes, a series of mutant preproinsulin cDNAs were generated by site-directed and deletion mutagenesis. These were inserted into pT7 plasmids and capped cRNA transcripts synthesized, that were then microinjected into Xenopus oocytes. Oocytes were biosynthetically radiolabeled with [3H]leucine and the secreted peptides (greater than 95% present as unprocessed proinsulins) then incubated with types I and II endopeptidase activities prepared from isolated insulinoma secretory granules. The reaction products were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography. Des-38-62-proinsulin, in which all but six amino acids of C-peptide were deleted was not processed by either enzyme. The mutant Lys64,Arg65 to Thr64,Arg65 was not cleaved by the type II enzyme but was still a substrate for the type I enzyme. The mutant Arg31,Arg32 to Arg31,Gly32 correspondingly was not cleaved by the type I enzyme; however, in this case it was not attacked by the type II enzyme. These resul...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Transfection
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
Deletion Mutagenesis
C-Peptide
Endopeptidases
INS
Gene Expression
Complementary RNA

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