May 26, 2009

Prolonged venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after transplantation restores functional integrity of severely injured lung allografts and prevents the development of pulmonary graft failure in a pig model

The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
György LangWalter Klepetko


Prolonged venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support during transplantation provides reduction of pulmonary artery flow and allows for protective ventilation. This approach might have the potential to restore function of lungs that would be unsuitable for transplantation. Left lung transplantation was performed on 16 pigs. Lungs from brain-dead animals were stored for 22 hours at 4 degrees C. Recipients in group A (n = 8) underwent transplantation without cardiopulmonary support followed by ventilation with 10 mL/kg body weight tidal volume. Animals in group B (n = 8) underwent transplantation during venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, which was continued for 22 hours, and received low-tidal-volume (5 mL/kg body weight) ventilation. One hour after transplantation, the right lung was excluded. Graft function was compared immediately after exclusion of the contralateral lung (time point 1), 1 hour later (time point 2), and 1 hour after discontinuation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (time point 3). Four animals in group A did not reach time point 2; all died of pulmonary edema. All animals in group B survived, and at time point 3, the mean Pao(2) value was 323 +/- 129 mm Hg. At time point 2, oxy...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Hemodynamic Instability
Pulmonary Edema
Reperfusion Injury
Entire Right Internal Carotid Artery
Cockayne Syndrome
Alveolar Ventilation Function
Structure of Transplanted Lung
Intraoperative Care

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.