PMID: 2110410Apr 1, 1990Paper

Prompt recovery of plasma arginine vasopressin in diabetic coma after intravenous infusion of a small dose of insulin and a large amount of fluid

Acta Endocrinologica
S IshikawaT Kuzuya


We studied the changes in plasma arginine vasopressin in 5 patients with diabetic ketoacidosis and one patient with non-ketotic hyperosmolar coma who had marked hyperglycemia (36.6 +/- 4.6 mmol/l, mean +/- SEM) and dehydration. Plasma osmolality (Posm) was 342.2 +/- 11.4 mOsm/kg H2O, and hematocrit, serum protein, and blood urea nitrogen were also elevated at hospitalization. Circulating blood volume was decreased by approximately 21% as compared with that on day 7. Plasma AVP level was increased to 8.5 +/- 1.6 pmol/l at hospitalization. When hyperglycemia was improved by iv infusion of a small dose of insulin plus fluid administration, plasma AVP level promptly decreased to 2.4 +/- 0.4 pmol/l within six hours. When plasma AVP level had normalized, Posm was still as high as 305 mOsm/kg H2O, but the loss of circulating blood volume was only 4.2% of the control state. Plasma AVP level was positively correlated with change in hematocrit (plasma AVP = 3.58 + 0.45.hematocrit, r = 0.468, p less than 0.01), serum protein (r = 0.487, p less than 0.01), Posm (r = 0.388, p less than 0.01), and blood glucose (r = 0.582, p less than 0.01). Plasma AVP level was negatively correlated with the change in circulating blood volume (plasma AVP = ...Continue Reading


Oct 12, 2000·Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews·J A Edge

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.